1. Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam (the Temple of Literary):
Considered as the first university of Vietnam, the Temple of Literary is not only a famous historical monument, but also contains the eliteness and the tradition of feudal regime’s period. This is a must not miss place when travelling to Hanoi. Coming here, you can admire the beauty of ancient times through the feudal’s architecture. Although it is destroyed many times, but Temple of Literature still retains the literaty’s breath and values with 4 main areas including Khai Thanh temple, Dai Thanh Mon, Thien Quang Tinh – professor’s stele garden and Khue Van Cac.
2. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum:
Ho Chi Minh's mausoleum was officially built on September 2, 1973, at the site of the old stage in Ba Dinh Square. The tomb consists of three layers with the height of 21.6m, the bottom layer is shaped as three- level steps, the middle layer is the central structure of the tomb consisting of corpses and corridors, stairs up and down. On the front side there is the inscription: "President Ho Chi Minh" which is written in pink plum stone. Visiting this place, visitors can feel the solemn atmosphere and realize the people's respect for him Visitors must comply with requirements such as dress seriously, turn off camera and mobile phone to ensure security in the mausoleum.
3. Hoa Lo prison:
Hoa Lo Prison was built in 1896 and named as "Hanoi Hilton" at this time. Since 1997, Hoa Lo Prison Management Board has carried out the research, added more images, materials and objects which were associated with the prisoner’s life during the French colonial period. The galleries also show two short films about the Vietnam War, the activities of the prison and the humanitarian policiesfor American pilots. Currently, in the showroom, foreigners can actively listen through headphones introducing about this prison.
4. Tran Quoc Pagoda:
With a history of more than 1500 years of age, Tran Quoc Pagoda is considered as the oldest temple of Thang Long (today is Hanoi). Tran Quoc Pagoda is always named as the most sacred pagoda in Hanoi and it is also one of the historical monuments. Tran Quoc Pagoda was originally built in 541, in the Ly dynasty. It is located on the West Lake - the largest freshwater lake in Hanoi. Because of this reason, the temple is like a floating island which is very quiet and away from all the hustle and bustle of city life. The structure and interior of Tran Quoc Pagoda are shaped in Buddhist style, which consists of three main houses: the front porch, the incense burner and the upper hall.
5. Vietnam Museum of Ethnology:
The museum is located at Nguyen Van Huyen street, Cau Giay district. This museum covers an area of over 4 hectares, includes 3 main areas: Trong Dong building, the outdoor display area and the Southeast Asia exhibition area. The exhibit space in Trong Dong is divided into 2 floors owning specific exhibition themes with a lot of images and artifacts of 54 ethnic groups. Outdoor area showcases the typical architectural house’s styles of the ethnic groups of Vietnam. And the Southeast Asian Gallery introduces the rich cultural landscape of Southeast Asian nations in five themes: cloth, daily life, social life, performing arts, religion - beliefs.